that are properly installed and maintained play a vital role in reducing fire
deaths and injuries. According to the National Fire Protection Association,
having a working smoke alarm cuts the chances of dying in a reported fire in
- Almost two-thirds of home fire deaths in
2005-2009 resulted from fires in homes with no smoke alarms or no working
smoke alarms (according to NFPA)
- When smoke alarms fail to operate, it is usually
because batteries are missing, disconnected or dead. Almost
one-quarter of the smoke alarm failures was due to dead batteries.
- Smoke Alarms should be checked every month using
the test button to ensure the batteries are still good and the alarm is
- It is recommended that batteries be changed at
least once a year, a good practice is to change your batteries whenever
you set your clocks during daylight savings time.
- It is recommended to install smoke
alarms in every bedroom, outside each separate sleeping area and on every
level of the home, including the basement. For BEST protection -
Interconnect all smoke alarms throughout the home. When one sounds, they
all will sound.
- All smoke alarms
should be replaced when they are 10 yrs old. Each alarm should have a
manufacturer date stamped on the bottom of the alarm, be sure to check
your alarm and know how old it is.
NFPA Home Smoke Alarm Basics Video
NFPA Smoke Alarm Safety Tips
the NFPA, in 2010, there were an estimated 369,500 reported home structure
fires and 2,640 associated civilian deaths in the United States.
spread rapidly through your home, leaving you as little as two minutes to
escape safely once the alarm sounds. Your ability to get out depends on
advance warning from smoke alarms and advance planning — a home fire escape
plan that everyone in your family is familiar with and has practiced.
- Only one-fifth to one-fourth
of households (23%) have actually developed and practiced a home
fire escape plan to ensure they could escape quickly and safely.
- One-third of American households who made an
estimate thought they would have at least 6 minutes before a fire in their
home would become life-threatening. The time available is often less. And
only 8% said their first thought on hearing a smoke alarm would be to get
- Draw a home escape plan and discuss it with
everyone in your household
- Practice the plan night and day with everyone in
your home twice a year
- Know at least TWO ways out of EVERY room, if possible.
Make sure all doors and windows leading outside open easily.
NFPA Escape Planning Tips
Dangers of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Nausea and vomiting
Difficulty in coordinating
Difficulty in breathing
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Often, several members of the same family or those in a
given building will complain of the same symptoms. Children are thought to be
more susceptible to carbon monoxide poisoning than adults. Some people may not
suspect that CO poisoning is occurring until major symptoms appear. Carbon
Monoxide poisoning can mimic gastroenteritis (nausea and vomiting). Other
manifestations may cause the appearance of what may appear to be a neurological
or psychiatric disorder. High risk groups include infants, the elderly,
pregnant women, and anyone with a previous history of cardiac insufficiency or
chronic obstructive lung disease.
Cerebral edema (swelling of the brain) is also a common
result of severe carbon monoxide poisoning. This life threatening condition
entails the destruction of brain cells by compressing them into themselves
within the cranial compartment. Drugs that are normally used for the treatment
of cerebral edema, like Dexamethasone and Mannitol, do not seem to be of
assistance in the treatment of CO induced cerebral edema. Studies have shown
that cerebral edema caused by CO poisoning can cause delayed neurological
problems that involve the "higher" or cognitive functions, and may
cause a Parkinsonian-like brain syndrome.
Move to fresh air, this will only relieve immediate
symptoms of acute poisoning, remember if you have chronic poisoning that
is low level and that has gone on for some time your deteriation may
be gradual so it could be some time before you notice.
Activate the Fire/Emergency Medical Service System (911 – here in Huntersville), if you are
experiencing any symptoms, the fire department and Medic will respond and
ventilate the house and will assess / treat you for exposure.
NFPA CARBON MONOXIDE SAFETY
CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTORS