Smoke alarms that are properly installed and maintained
play a vital role in reducing fire deaths and injuries. According to the
National Fire Protection Association, having a working smoke alarm cuts the
chances of dying in a reported fire in half.
two-thirds of home fire deaths in 2005-2009 resulted from fires in homes with
no smoke alarms or no working smoke alarms (according to NFPA)
smoke alarms fail to operate, it is usually because batteries are missing,
disconnected or dead. Almost one-quarter of the smoke alarm failures was
due to dead batteries.
Alarms should be checked every month using the test button to ensure the
batteries are still good and the alarm is operating.
is recommended that batteries be changed at least once a year, a good practice
is to change your batteries whenever you set your clocks during daylight
It is recommended to install smoke alarms in every bedroom, outside each
separate sleeping area and on every level of the home, including the basement. For
BEST protection - Interconnect all smoke alarms throughout the home. When one
sounds, they all will sound.
All smoke alarms should be replaced when they are 10 yrs old. Each alarm
should have a manufacturer date stamped on the bottom of the alarm, be sure to
check your alarm and know how old it is.
Home Smoke Alarm Basics
NFPA Smoke Alarm Safety Tip
to the NFPA, in 2010, there were an estimated 369,500 reported home
structure fires and 2,640 associated civilian deaths in the United States.
Fire can spread rapidly through your home, leaving you as
little as two minutes to escape safely once the alarm sounds. Your
ability to get out depends on advance warning from smoke alarms, and advance
planning — a home fire escape plan that everyone in your family is familiar
with and has practiced.
Only one-fifth to one-fourth
of households (23%) have actually developed and practiced a home fire
escape plan to ensure they could escape quickly and safely.
One-third of American households who made
an estimate thought they would have at least 6 minutes before a fire in their
home would become life-threatening. The
time available is often less. And only 8% said their first thought on
hearing a smoke alarm would be to get out!
- Draw a home escape plan and discuss it with
everyone in your household
- Practice the plan night and day with
everyone in your home twice a year
- Know at least TWO ways out of EVERY room,
if possible. Make sure all doors and windows leading outside open easily.
NFPA Escape Planning Tip
Hidden Dangers of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Nausea and vomiting
Difficulty in coordinating
Difficulty in breathing
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Often, several members of the same family or those in a given building will
complain of the same symptoms. Children are thought to be more susceptible to
carbon monoxide poisoning than adults. Some people may not suspect that CO
poisoning is occurring until major symptoms appear. Carbon Monoxide poisoning
can mimic gastroenteritis (nausea and vomiting). Other manifestations may cause
the appearance of what may appear to be a neurological or psychiatric disorder.
High risk groups include infants, the elderly, pregnant women, and anyone with
a previous history of cardiac insufficiency or chronic obstructive lung
Cerebral edema (swelling of the brain) is also a common result of severe
carbon monoxide poisoning. This life threatening condition entails the
destruction of brain cells by compressing them into themselves within the
cranial compartment. Drugs that are normally used for the treatment of cerebral
edema, like Dexamethasone and Mannitol, do not seem to be of assistance in the
treatment of CO induced cerebral edema. Studies have shown that cerebral edema
caused by CO poisoning can cause delayed neurological problems that involve the
"higher" or cognitive functions, and may cause a Parkinsonian-like
Move to fresh
air, this will only relieve immediate symptoms of acute poisoning,
remember if you have chronic poisoning that is low level and that has gone
on for some time your deteriation may be gradual so it could be some time
before you notice.
Activate the Fire/Emergency Medical Service System
(911 – here in Mecklenburg County), if
you are experiencing any symptoms, the fire department and Medic will respond
and ventilate the house and will assess / treat you for exposure.
CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTORS:
PLACEMENT OF CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTORS: